عنوان مقاله [English]
The initial impression is that theology is merely related to instrumental reasoning in theology and in the realm of the past problems and is based on religious principles.
This article seeks to change the mindset of the addressees interested in theology. Theology as a science is not restricted to the ancient theology of the insiders and the outsiders; but it also includes the areas of comparative theology among religions and modern theological discourses, too. In a sense, in addition to the field of "knowledge", theology has overlapped with the fields of "methods" and "capabilities", as well. This article outlines a general overview of these issues.
Dealing with theology and comprehensive investigation of its problems, like other fields of knowledge, requires familiarity with other methods and enjoying special skills in discovering new problems and responding to them. These methods in theology are divided into three categories: methods of extracting information, methods of adjustment and tabwib (dividing into chapters), and the methods of describing and explaining theological knowledge.
Skills are also placed in two groups: criticism skill that includes such parts as the principles and techniques of criticism and quality of criticism of a viewpoint; and the skill of removing doubts. In this writing, for each of the above-mentioned methods and skills some examples and explanations have been mentioned.